A goal of this Section is to understand fundamental physical mechanisms governing tissue-level physiological processes that are essential for life, or necessary to achieve a high quality of life. Examples include understanding the physical basis of nerve excitability and of effective load bearing in cartilage. This entails discovering relationships between physiological function and a tissue's structure, organization, and physical properties. This is done by studying the behavior of biological model systems using novel quantitative approaches (e.g., experimental methods, mathematical models, physical models). Another aim of ours is to transfer these new methodologies to the biomedical research and healthcare communities. An example includes the invention and successful dissemination of diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging from the "bench" to the "bedside".